Meet our inspectorate and discover laws that protect SA animals

For more than 100 years, we have been the state’s only animal welfare charity entrusted by State Parliament to investigate animal cruelty under SA’s Animal Welfare Act.

Our small team of inspectors respond to more than 4,000 reports of animal cruelty every year, investigating complaints against all kinds of animals in all kinds of situations. Read stories of some of the animals saved here.

Our inspectors also regularly attend sale yards, feedlots, rodeos, abattoirs, live export ships during loading, and transport emergencies to ensure the welfare of animals involved is paramount, and that activities are compliant with the Animal Welfare Act.

We do receive some State Government funding to help run our inspectorate arm, but it’s not nearly enough. Each year, we must put in at least $1.5 million to cover the shortfall – money generously donated by the community.

How to make an animal cruelty report

If you witness any animal cruelty or an emergency involving an animal, please immediately call our 24-hour cruelty hotline on 1300 4 777 22 and provide the operator with as much detail as you can.

You can also make a cruelty report online using the form on our website, which allows you to upload photographic evidence: www.rspcasa.org.au/report-cruelty.

Our inspectors require reasonable grounds to suspect an animal cruelty offence has been committed in order to investigate a complaint and exercise powers under the Animal Welfare Act (1985) in South Australia. For this reason, when you make a complaint, it is essential you provide your contact details so our inspectors can confirm the facts and gather more information.

Your contact details remain strictly confidential and will never be given to the offender or revealed publicly without your consent.

What happens after an animal cruelty report is received

Our inspectors have an obligation under South Australia’s Animal Welfare Act to investigate all cruelty reports. After investigation, our inspectors may legally take any of the following actions:

  • Offer advice and assistance to the owner.
  • Issue a warning letter and follow up with spot checks to ensure the advice and/or recommendations have been implemented.
  • Issue the owner with an Animal Welfare Notice, which requires the owner to take action as instructed by the inspector.
  • Issue an expiation notice if the Animal Welfare Notice is not complied with.
  • Seize the animal/s if the inspector believes the animal is in immediate danger of or currently suffering harm.
  • Prosecute the owner for a breach of the Animal Welfare Act. At this point, the case is handed to our lawyers to be heard in court. Magistrates then choose the penalty for offenders.

Persons found guilty of an offence under the Animal Welfare Act or Animal Welfare Regulations can be fined up to $50,000 or sentenced to up to four years’ imprisonment.

Click here to view the full Animal Welfare Act (1985).

Animal cruelty and welfare FAQs

What kinds of animal cruelty do RSPCA inspectors investigate?

The most common complaints are failure to provide adequate and proper food, shelter or veterinary treatment. But our inspectors also investigate:

  • Abandoned animals
  • Animals not fed proper and sufficient food
  • Animals not provided with veterinary treatment
  • Acts of intentional cruelty and harm
  • Animals that do not receive appropriate exercise
  • Drought-stricken livestock
  • Animals not provided with appropriate and adequate living conditions (including hoarders – people with more animals than they can look after)
  • Pet shops
  • Animal breeding facilities
  • Sale yards
  • Intensive farming facilities

What should I do if I witness animal cruelty?

If you witness any animal cruelty or an emergency involving an animal, please immediately call our 24-hour cruelty hotline on 1300 4 777 22 and provide the operator with as much detail as you can.

You can also make a cruelty report online using the form on our website, which also allows you to upload photographic evidence: www.rspcasa.org.au/report-cruelty.

Can I find out what happens to a report I made?

Unfortunately due to privacy and legal constraints, we are only able to provide confirmation that a report has been investigated. Further details of actions being undertaken cannot be provided until after any prosecution action has finalised.

How many inspectors are there in South Australia?

There are 10 inspectors in South Australia, including our Chief Inspector, Inspector Coordinator and eight inspectors who operate across the state.

How do inspectors prioritise jobs?

There are three different categories that a job can be placed under: urgent, ASAP or routine.

  1. Urgent jobs involve animals that have suffered serious physical injury. These animals may have been attacked by people or other animals, may require urgent veterinary treatment or are in imminent danger, or may be exposed to a life-threatening situation. RSPCA South Australia inspectors will either attend or make arrangements for another agency (such as the police) to attend or take action within 24 hours of the complaint having been received.
  2. ASAP complaints are viewed as serious but not life threatening. Inspectors will endeavour to attend or take appropriate action within 48 hours of the complaint being received. For example, animals in very poor body condition, not receiving proper and sufficient food, or those requiring veterinary treatment for non-life threatening conditions such as skin conditions and ear infections, would be classified as ASAP.
  3. Routine jobs will be attended to when the urgent and ASAP complaints have been managed or attended to. Dogs in small enclosures, continually tethered or not receiving exercise, are examples of routine matters. Inspections of pet shops and animal breeding facilities would be classified as routine complaints, as well as investigations into historic animal cruelty offences where no animals are currently at risk.

Can an inspector go onto private property?

South Australia’s Animal Welfare Act does authorise inspectors to enter land to examine animals if there are reasonable grounds to suspect an offence is, has or is going to be committed with respect to an animal.

With respect to a dwelling, an inspector can enter with the consent of the occupier of the dwelling, on the authority of a search warrant, or if the inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that an animal has suffered significant physical injury, is in imminent danger of suffering significant physical injury or has a life threatening condition that requires immediate veterinary treatment.

This is why we require you to provide your name, address and contact details when lodging complaints of alleged animal cruelty, to ensure we can follow up for further information to allow us to assess our rights in each case.

Is an inspector’s role only to enforce the Animal Welfare Act?

Not only do inspectors enforce the Animal Welfare Act, they also deliver education to the community through presentations and targeted animal welfare advice when working with individual animal owners who are the subject of animal cruelty complaints.

Where possible, our inspectors will work with animal owners to improve the welfare of animals in their care.  We also sit on advisory committees, perform animal rescues and assist other agencies such as government departments, police and local councils.

What happens after an animal is seized by an inspector?

When animal cruelty offences or breaches of the Animal Welfare Act are detected, inspectors may seize animals and items connected with offences. As part of the investigation into alleged animal welfare or cruelty offences, our inspectors will offer an alleged offender an opportunity to participate in a record of interview. At the completion of an investigation, the matter will be reviewed and depending on the nature, duration, significance and ongoing impacts of the alleged offending there are a number of possible outcomes.

An alleged offender could be:

  • Served with court attendance notice/s requiring them to attend court and face criminal charges.
  • Issued with fine/s or Penalty Infringement Notice/s for the alleged offence.
  • Issued with a formal caution.
  • Or no action could be taken.

Animals seized by RSPCA South Australia inspectors in connection with alleged animal cruelty offences may be held in RSPCA care until court proceedings are finalised.

When an animal cruelty offender is convicted by a court, RSPCA South Australia can seek the costs associated with the care of the animal/s.

We can also seek an order from the court awarding custody of the animals to RSPCA South Australia and further orders requiring convicted people with animals to rehome animals in their care.  This can also include prohibition from purchasing, acquiring or having any animals under their care, control or supervision for specific periods of time or indefinitely.

Importantly, the first priority of RSPCA inspectors is always the welfare of animals. Where possible, we do seek to leave animals with their owners, while educating owners on how to provide better care. When that is not possible, we seek to provide a future for the animal that is free from further suffering, in an environment where they will receive the care and protection that all animals deserve.

What happens when an inspector decides to prosecute an owner?

Breaches of South Australia’s Animal Welfare Act are criminal offences and, as such, are required to be proven “beyond a reasonable doubt”.  This is a very high level of proof that will be tested in court.

The investigator’s job is to collect as much evidence as possible, including from expert witnesses such as veterinarians, that will be presented to the court and challenged by the defendant, before a magistrate or judge makes a final decision on whether a breach of the Act has in fact occurred.

If a court determines that the defendant is guilty of a breach of the Act, the following penalties may be applied:

  • Fines of up to $50,000.
  • Sentences of up to four years imprisonment.
  • Orders prohibiting the defendant from owning other animals for a fixed or indefinite amount of time.

Of course, the first two penalties apply only to the most serious, deliberate or aggravated offences. It’s important to remember that penalties are set by the court, not by RSPCA South Australia.

What is the maximum penalty for animal cruelty offenders in South Australia?

Persons found guilty of an offence under the Animal Welfare Act or Animal Welfare Regulations can be fined up to $50,000 or sentenced to up to four years’ imprisonment.

It is important to remember that, while RSPCA South Australia is entrusted with prosecuting under the Animal Welfare Act, it is ultimately magistrates who decide the penalty handed down to offenders.

Click here to view the full Animal Welfare Act (1985).