Worried about your pup pulling on their lead? Wish you could enjoy walks as much as they do? It’s time to ditch the collar and lead, and walk a better way.
Loose-lead walking with your pulling-obsessed pup might seem like a pipe dream, but it’s actually totally achievable with a bit of knowledge and the right equipment. And that’s hugely important, because using the wrong walking gear can cause permanent damage to your dog.
So, as part of our Lead By Example campaign, we spoke to RSPCA South Australia Dog Behavioural Specialist Tenelle for the 101 on the best equipment for a safe and comfortable walking experience with doggos, both on and off the lead.
“You can train your dog to walk nicely without using harmful methods, and in the long run you can avoid any resulting behavioural problems too,” Tenelle assured us.
Why you absolutely must get a front-attaching harness
During walks, many owners opt for a collar and lead combo – but this is far from the best option. Instead, our #1 recommendation for dogs is a front-attaching harness and a lead.
This combo – which is perfect for dogs of all breeds and sizes – offers gentle control and encourages loose-lead walking, while avoiding pressure on your dog’s neck or back.
The real magic lies in the way front-attaching harnesses redistribute weight to help prevent pulling. The harness sits behind your dog’s front legs and loops around their chest, with a leash ring at the front.
“Because a dog’s centre of gravity is located at the chest, the harness gently turns the dog towards you, which helps stop them pulling,” Tenelle tells us.
Most dogs tend to accept front-attaching harnesses easily. Your dog is also less likely to slip out and escape, unlike the common collar. And there’s little chance of the harness choking your dog – a typical problem with collars. So they’re totally safe, comfortable, and suitable for dogs of all sizes … what could be better?
But one word of warning – it is essential that front-attaching harnesses are fitted correctly. Those new to harnesses may have some trouble fitting them at first, but never fear! Click here for tips.
You can opt for a back-attaching harness – but only for some dogs
We recommend front-attaching harnesses as the starting point for all dogs, because they discourage pulling in a force-free way that causes no harm or distress to your dog.
But, once you’re confident your doggy has learned to loose-lead walk, the back-attaching harness is a good next step – and still far safer than a collar. In fact, this is the one Tenelle uses for her dog!
Back-attaching harnesses provide a little more freedom and can make leads easier to manage, since the lead attaches to the back of the dog. With front-attaching harnesses, it can be tricky to stop your dog from stepping over the lead. So, if pulling isn’t a problem for your dog, a back-attaching harness can be more practical.
But do beware – back-attaching harnesses are often ineffective in preventing pulling, as your dog can throw their full body weight into pulling on the lead. So only opt for this harness if your dog’s already a loose-lead pro.
Take the time to choose the perfect lead to pair with your harness
The right lead is just as important as the right harness when it comes to walking your dog.
We recommend choosing a lead made of cotton webbing or similar material, with a length of about two metres – long enough to allow your dog some range to explore, and not so short that your dog starts to pull.
If you have a small dog, choose a thin lead with a small clip, while larger dogs fare better with a thicker lead and larger clip.
We recommend double-ended leads, which can be made by threading the handles of two normal leads together, or you can purchase one. One end of the lead is clipped to the front of the harness and the other to the back of the harness. Your dog is then led from the back attachment, while the front one is used for turning if they start to pull.
We do not recommend extendable/bungee leads, since these provide less control for you and could damage your dog’s neck. Not only this, but they also encourage pulling.
Collars should be your very last choice for dog walking
In almost all cases, collars should be avoided when walking your dog – unless your pup’s had a medical procedure and the surgery site is under where a harness would sit.
You can still use a collar in your dog’s day-to-day life, especially to hold identification and registration tags. But make sure you choose a comfortable, flat collar, as all other collar types can cause harm. Then, when you’re heading out for walkies, just pop your walking harness over the top.
“The only collars we recommend at RSPCA South Australia are flat collars,” Tenelle says.
“To make sure you’re using a comfortable collar, check that you can fit two fingers beneath it – it’s also important that you invest in new collars as your dog outgrows them.”
The worst, must-avoid collars for puppies and dogs
Certain collars such as head, check or prong/pinch are commonly used, but actually should be avoided at all costs.
“The way these collars work is to cause pain when the dog pulls – and the problem is, you don’t know what the dog is going to associate that pain with,” Tenelle says.
Every time a dog is pulled on one of these collars, they might associate this discomfort with something in their environment and become frightened or aggressive towards that thing. It could be their owner, children or other dogs.
“I think that owners see this equipment working so they continue to use it without understanding the ramifications,” says Tenelle. “Maybe the dog will stop pulling when the collar chokes them, but you have no idea what they associate this choking with.”
A closer look at the worst kinds of collars
Martingale collars are less than ideal, since they tighten when the dog pulls, but can be used for dogs with narrow heads, such as greyhounds or whippets. If these collars are made of fabric and correctly fitted with two ends meeting, choking should not be a problem.
Head collars/halters can jerk a dog’s head to the side, which causes injury. Dogs find them uncomfortable and often have to be trained to accept them, so why not just invest that training into the ideal front-attaching harness instead?
Check collars are sometimes promoted by trainers to correct unwanted behaviours by jerking on the lead to cause a rapid constriction around the neck. They cause severe pain and distress to animals and should never be used.
Prong, pinch, or constriction collars are primarily made of metal chain and have a series of fang-shaped metal links, or prongs, with blunted points. When pulled, these tighten and pinch a dog’s neck; they must be avoided as they cause injury, and in extreme cases, brain damage.
So if your doggo is acting out and you’re not sure why, it could very well be a result of their walking equipment. But don’t worry – it’s never too late to get them onto a harness! Want more info about dog behaviour and learning? Have a suss of our Lead By Example campaign.